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1.0 Background

The pastoralist lifestyle thrives on culturally predefined roles of men and women. The woman remains in a passive and subordinate position with mainly polygamous men being the decision-makers both at family and community leadership levels. The men are typically responsible for productive resource ownership and control (land and livestock) as well as for deciding which of their children to educate. These decisions often exclude his daughters on the basis of considering it a ‘waste’ of his family’s resources and she is expected to be married off early.
A typical rural pastoralist woman struggles with burdensome, highly physical and unpaid daily chores like tending to livestock; raising, feeding and clothing her many children (often 8 or more); building and repairing the family home (traditionally made from sticks, mud and cow dung, exclusively considered “women’s” work); and fetching firewood and water for her family on foot often many miles away from her home. Simple household decisions, such as buying food and domestic supplies, remain largely in the realm of her husband to the extent that his needs are met before the needs of his children and wives.
Add to this the fact that education (particularly for girls) and health services are and not easily accessed due to infrastructure limitations, the girls of a pastoralist family grow up expecting not to have the same opportunities as their brothers and male relatives. In this suppressed condition, women in the pastoralist society are considered second class citizens and are believed to be only comparable to children in decision making capabilities. They remain with a very low socio-economic status, are dependent upon the men in their extended family and are extremely vulnerable to becoming a victim of gender based violence (GBV) like early and forced marriage, female genital mutilation as well as missing the opportunity to inherit property or attend school simply because of their gender.
Due to the oppressed status of women, there are also few platforms available for the women to share ideas, learn from each other, and build their collective narrative, discuss strategies to address the issues and build norm-changing movements within their community. Women’s representation at community meetings is usually by men, who often do not (or inadequately) represent the priorities of women and girls. The notion of a woman being a change-agent in pastoralist society is very unusual and seldom considered acceptable, with husbands known to beat their wives for even wanting to join in with women’s collective activities.

2.0 Context of Baseline Study

By providing improving access to legal services and creating platforms for women’s individual and collective voices to be formulated and heard, pastoralist women can become strong change-agents and advocates for their communities, addressing societal issues that must be resolved for their families and communities to realize their full potential and sustainable development.

The Women Rights and Voice Project will therefore aim to empower women in a way that enhances collective action and voice among pastoralist women towards meaningful development. It will result in greater access to social services and understanding and acceptance of their rights among their peers, men, local and traditional (male) leaders, youth leaders and the community at large. The project will also aim to prevent gender based violence and transform negative social norms such as female genital mutilation (FGM) and early or forced marriage.
To ensure effective implementation of the project, Pastoral Women’s Council (PWC) intends to facilitate a baseline study that will guide the implementation of the project by establishing baseline data and indicators.

3.0 Objectives of the Baseline Study

The overall aim of the Baseline Study is to collect and document empirical data on how pastoralist women understand and claim their rights, and participate in leadership & collective action for sustainable development.

4.0 Key Consultant Deliverables

1. Collect and analyze data from Simanjiro, Kiteto, Ngorongoro and Longido Districts on:
a. Barriers (whether behavioral, policy or practice) hindering pastoralists women living in project districts from fully understanding and enjoying their rights and participating meaningfully in decision making and development.
b. Number and quality of women groups (informal and formal) in project districts. Within this context the baseline study, should investigate/ collect data whether these groups have led to (or not and why) solidarity, coherence and collective development actions among women.
c. Quantity (number) and quality of representation of pastoralist women in positions of leadership and decision making at village government and district council levels within project districts.
d. Level of ownership and control by pastoralist women, in land, property (including livestock) and natural resources in project districts. Within this context the baseline study, should collect data on how many women own land (hold land certificates) within project districts. The baseline should also investigate if women, at the household level, control and are beneficially using this land for livelihood change and whether they have access to other property such as livestock (all categories).
e. Level of access to social and economic services in project districts, including education (adult and youth), water, heath and formal and informal justice.
f. Level of awareness, knowledge and appreciation of women rights by community members (men, women and youth) and local leaders.
g. Level of gender responsiveness of village governments/councils and district council policies, annual plans and budgets. Within this context, the baseline study will collect examples of budgeted women and girls’ empowerment plans/interventions for last two financial years.

2. Provide Factsheet (summary of findings and recommendation in graph, tables and explanations in short sentences) and raw data in statistical programme.
3. Submission of a full report draft in electronic format to PWC. The body of the report excluding annexes shall not be more than 20 pages. This should include concise Executive Brief
4. Provide a PowerPoint presentation outlining key findings of the Study. The presentation should be one that shared internally and externally and will be used by consultant during presentation of the report to stakeholders.
5. Based on final approved Baseline Study Report, develop/revise a comprehensive Results Matrix to guide delivery of results and impact of the project.

5.0 Methodology

Proposed methodology should combine qualitative and quantitative methods. This will include, but not limited to the following; 1) Desk review, 2) Development of an appropriate and comprehensive online data collection tools and administering the tool through. Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions, 3) Analyzing the data collected using statistical packages and developing a comprehensive Draft Baseline Report and Results Matrix,4) Validation of Draft Baseline Report and Results Matrix during a stakeholder workshop.

For quantitative data collection will be done through Open Data Kit (ODK) and analysis to be done through SPSS or other appropriate data analysis software.

6.0 Expected Duration of Assignment

The assignment should be completed by 21st February 2020.

7.0.Required Skills and Competences
1. A commitment to child and adult safeguarding at all times. The successful Consultant will be required to read, sign onto and adhere to PWC’s Safeguarding Policy and Code of Conduct.
2. Advanced degree in any of the following areas: Education, Sociology, Law and Community Development.
3. At least 7 years’ experience in social and community development programming as well as women’s empowerment and gender mainstreaming.
4. Demonstrated experience and expertise in pastoralism.
5. Excellent adult facilitation and interpersonal skills.
6. Excellent written and spoken English and Kiswahili. Knowledge of Maasai language is a plus.

8.0 Deadline for Submission of Technical and Financial Proposal

The deadline for submission of the technical and financial proposal (with clear workplan) is Friday, 17th January 2020. All proposals should be emailed to:

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