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1.0 Context and Background

In Tanzania violence against women and girls in all levels of society is a major problem. According to the National Survey on Violence Against Children in Tanzania (2009) , nearly 30% of females between 13 to 24 years reported experiencing at least one incident of sexual violence before turning 18. Additionally, almost 75% of both females and males reported experiencing physical violence by a relative, authority figure (such as teachers), or an intimate partner prior to the age of 18.

Established in 1997, the Pastoral Women’s Council (PWC) is a non-governmental organization working in northern Tanzania to promote the sustainable empowerment and development of pastoralist women and children. One of PWC’s key programmatic areas is safeguarding and enhancing the wellbeing of pastoralist women and children. In this regard, PWC has been implemented a two and a half years project called Tapala (a Maasai word meaning stop) that aims to prevent violence against women and girls (VAWG) in eight pastoralist villages district and eight secondary schools in Monduli and Ngorongoro disticts. Key intervetions under the project included; wide community education and stakeholder engagement on prevention of VAWG and change of negative social norms and behaviours, formation of child protection school clubs to enhance students understaning and confidence in reporting VAWG and development of online tools to enhance reporting and response of VAWG.

The main project beneficiaries were students, teachers, and leadership (school boards) and community members surrounding project schools. We aimed to impact at least 3,000 students and 120 teachers. Additionally, approximately 3,500 women and 2,500 men, traditional leaders and local leaders were also targeted with positive messages on safeguarding. We also engaged government officials (within district and local governments) towards enhancing mechanisms to prevent and respond to VAWG at the community level.

2.0 Objectives of the Endline Evaluation
PWC aims to retain an individual consultant or firm to undertake a comprehensive endline project evaluation of the Tapala project. The overall aim of the evaluation will be to qualitatively and quantitively examine the results and impact achieved by the project within the project implementation period of two and half years.

3.0 Key Consultant Deliverables
A. Collect and analyze data from Ngorongoro and Monduli Districts on the following overall project goal, results areas and indicators:
Overall project goal: Reduced incidence of violence against Maasai women and girls within project villages / communities in Ngorongoro and Monduli districts
% of female respondents at community and school level who have been beaten in the last month

% of female respondents at community and school level who have been sexually assaulted in the last 3 months

Project Result 1: Increased community awareness about the harmful effects of violence against women and girls, especially amongst boys, men, school staff, leaders and government staff.

# of men and women reached with awareness campaigns
# of cases of VAWG that have been reported through different means (e.g. sms-system, school clubs) and # of cases that have been addressed (action taken)

Project Result 2: Improved learning environment and safety for girls and women at 8 schools as a result of the preventative mechanisms that have been put in place

% of teachers and staff of project schools that are aware of the VAWG policy and codes of conduct
% of teachers and staff that can explain properly the VAWG reporting and referral process
# incidences of (sexual and physical) violence against female students and teachers at the 8 project schools
# of students in students club who have been trained on gender equality, women’s empowerment values and positive forms of masculinity

% of respondents that think it is acceptable to beat a girl / woman (for any reason)
% of male respondents who have intervened to prevent violence against women / girls in the last 3 months

Project Result 3: Change in policy and practice of local and district government officials towards curbing VAWG within schools in the target district.

# of changes that have been agreed upon by the districts\’ and village government to curb VAWG within schools
Other key deliverables will be:
B. Provide Factsheet (summary of findings and recommendation in graph, tables and explanations in short sentences) and raw data in statistical programme
C. Submission of a full report draft in electronic format to PWC. The body of the report excluding annexes shall not be more than 25 pages. This should include concise Executive Brief
D. Provide a PowerPoint presentation outlining key findings of the Study. The presentation should be one that shared internally and externally and will be used by consultant during presentation of the report to stakeholders.

4.0 Performance Assessment Criteria
Based on aforementioned project goals, results and indicators, the project’s performance assessment will be guided by the following criteria/questions:

4.1 Relevance
The extent to which the aid activity is suited to the priorities and policies of the target group. In evaluating the relevance of a programme or a project, it is useful to consider the following questions:
• Have the activities and outputs of the projects been consistent with the overall goals and attainment of its objectives?
• Were the activities and outputs of the projects consistent with the impacts and effects?
• Are the overall project objectives relevant to the specific needs of the population in the project area?
• To what extent are the objectives of the programme still valid?
• Are the activities and outputs of the programme consistent with the intended impacts and effects?

4.2 Effectiveness
A measure of the extent to which an aid activity attains its objectives. In evaluating the effectiveness of a programme or a project, it is useful to consider the following questions:
• To what extent were the objectives achieved / are likely to be achieved?
• What were the major factors influencing the achievement or non-achievement of the objectives?
• Have all planned target groups access to or are using project results available so far?
• Are there any factors which prevent target groups accessing the results/services?
• To what extent has the project adapted or is able to adapt to changing external conditions (risks and assumptions) in order to ensure benefits for the target groups?

4.3 Efficiency
Efficiency measures the outputs — qualitative and quantitative — in relation to the inputs. It is an economic term which signifies that the aid uses the least costly resources possible in order to achieve the desired results. This generally requires comparing alternative approaches to achieving the same outputs, to see whether the most efficient process has been adopted.
When evaluating the efficiency of a programme or a project, it is useful to consider the following questions:
• Were activities cost-efficient?
• Were project’s resources managed in a transparent and accountable manner?
• How flexible was the project in adapting to changing needs?
• Were objectives achieved on time?
• Was the programme or project implemented in the most efficient way compared to alternatives?
• How did the project co-ordinate with other similar interventions to encourage synergy and avoid overlaps?
4.4 Lessons Learned
• Why did things go the way they did?
• How can such problems (if there are issues/problems) be avoided in the future?
• What are the main factors responsible for the success (if there are successes)?
• How could the project be replicated or scaled up?
• What changes could be recommended to program design, planning, coordination, implementation, and other factors?
4.5 Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) Survey
• Determining how and to what extent did project community Knowledge changed
• Determining how and to what extent did project community Attitude changed
• Determining how did to what extent did project community Practice changed

4.6 Impact of COVID-19 on Project Interventions and Results
Determine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of project interventions and results. This analysis should include whether there was an increase in incidence of violence against women and children (VAWC) and how this was addressed under the project and by other stakeholders within project areas. Quantitative data on VAWC in project areas and districts should be presented in the report.

5.0 Methodology

Proposed methodology should combine qualitative and quantitative methods. This will include, but not limited to the following;
1) Desk review, including review of project baseline report and periodic reports
2) Development of an appropriate and comprehensive data collection tools and administering the tools through, Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions
3) Analyzing the data collected using statistical packages and developing a comprehensive Evaluation report

The consultant will also be required to identify control villages in which to collect data and perform a comparative analysis with treatment villages. For quantitative data collection will be done through digital data collection tools such as ONA, ODK, and Kibo Kollect and analysis to be done through SPSS.

Applications are invited from suitably qualified consultants. Consultants ideally meet the following requirements:
• Very good understanding of and experience with working around the theme “violence against women and girls”, being able to build trust relations and gather data around very sensitive topics without
• Experience in working in / with pastoralist communities
• Excellent English writing skills and preferably Maa-speaking
• Experience in conducting baseline studies and surveys
• Experience in analyzing quantitative data using statistical software
• Experience with digital data collection (ONA, ODK, Kobo Kollect or similar)

6.0 Required Skills and Competences
1. A commitment to child and adult safeguarding at all times. The successful Consultant will be required to read, sign onto and adhere to PWC’s Safeguarding Policy and Code of Conduct.
2. Advanced degree in any of the following areas: Gender, Sociology and Community Development.
3. At least 7 years’ experience in gender mainstreaming and women’s and girls’ empowerment, social work and community development.
4. Demonstrated experience and expertise in pastoralism.
5. Excellent adult facilitation and interpersonal skills.
6. Excellent written and spoken English and Kiswahili. Knowledge of Maa is an added advantage but not required.

7.0 Submission of Proposals
Technical and financial proposals, not exceeding 10 pages, should be sent to The deadline for submission of proposals is 6th May 2021. Applications received after this deadline will not be considered.

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